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> -----Original Message-----
> From: firstname.lastname@example.org [mailto:email@example.com]
> Sent: Tuesday, September 10, 2002 19:52
> To: firstname.lastname@example.org
> Subject: Re: [xml-dev] attributes vs. elements
> On Tue, Sep 10, 2002 at 01:21:37PM -0400, Maciejewski, Thomas wrote:
> > This is sort of a newbie question but one that I never
> fully understood or
> > maybe just don't know how to explain it to others.
> > When should one use an element and when should one use an attribute?
> That's a very common and very important question, and it's probably in
> a FAQ somewhere, but I have no idea which FAQ. In any case,
> there is no
> hard and fast answer to that question.
> The traditional distinction between elements and attributes
> is that the
> former are for content (information of interest to the end user or the
> consuming application) and the latter for metadata (information about
> information), and there is no clearcut, universal distinction between
> those two. Generally speaking, the text in a paragraph or the
> data in a
> database record would be considered content; the date that content was
> last modified will probably be metadata, but it's not hard to imagine
> scenarios where you might want to treat it as content. Ultimately,
> deciding whether something is content or metadata is up to
> the creators
> and users of the information.
> But back to elements and attributes. Some considerations that
> may affect
> your choice:
> * Elements may not have more than one attribute with the same name,
> but child element names can be repeated indefinitely (unless
> forbidden by a schema, of course).
> * XML parsers must preserve the order of elements, but not
> [ given the above two statements, we can say that in programming
> terms, the attributes of any given element are analogous to a
> hash (AKA mapping, dictionary, etc.), while the child elements
> are analogous to an array ]
> * Attributes can't contain elements--though of course they can
> reference them.
> * White space in elements can be preserved, whereas white space in
> attributes is normalized (leading and trailing spaces are
> each extent of internal white space is collapsed to a single space
I don't follow you. If the schema is specified in XML Schema and the
datatype of an attribute is "string" (whose "whitespace" facet is
"preserve" by default), I don't believe white space is normalized. Are
you saying that an attribute of type "string" behaves differently from
an element of type "string" as to white space handling?
> * Attributes are more compact, since their names only occur once per
> instance and they have fewer 'overhead' characters: =""
> vs. <> </>.
> * Many people find elements more readable.
> I think there is a tendency for document-oriented
> applications to prefer
> elements, and messaging and automated data-exchange applications to
> prefer attributes--the rationale being that bandwidth is more
> and human-readability less so. However, in cases where
> is unimportant, you might want to ask whether XML is an appropriate
> solution at all.
> That's my $.02.
> Matt Gushee
> Englewood, Colorado, USA
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