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SOAP isn't a messaging protocol.
From SOAP Version 1.2 Part 1: Messaging Framework:
SOAP Version 1.2 (SOAP) is a lightweight protocol intended for exchanging structured information in a decentralized, distributed environment. It uses XML technologies to define an extensible messaging framework providing a message construct that can be exchanged over a variety of underlying protocols. The framework has been designed to be independent of any particular programming model and other implementation specific semantics.
From: Bill de hÓra
To: 'CHIUSANO, Joseph'; 'Maciejewski, Thomas'
Sent: 9/18/2002 11:12 AM
Subject: RE: [xml-dev] ( Slightly off topic ) JMS and other messaging
>> CHIUSANO, Joseph:
I consider SOAP to be an XML messaging protocol, so (at least for me)
"messaging vs. SOAP" does not "make sense".
SOAP isn't a messaging protocol. It can be used as an enveloping
technology for a messaging protocol if there is a messaging protocol to
begin with. For example ebXML has defined a (reliable) messaging
protocol that utilizes SOAP. To offer an analogy, an envelope isn't a
postal service. Saying "messaging vs SOAP" is close to saying "postal
service vs envelope".
Bill de hÓra