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   Re: [xml-dev] Difference between RPC and Doc. type in WSDL(need help)

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RPC vs. Document type (or "style") is actually only 1 of 2 factors that
one needs to consider for this topic. The other is "usage" (aka "usage"
or "encoding"), which can be "literal" or "encoded". The combination of
style and usage therefore yields 4 possible combinations, only 2 of
which are really considered in practice. Style can have the values
"document" or "RPC."  "Document" implies that the messages contain a
document (such as a purchase order), while "RPC" implies that the
messages contain parameters and return values (think of a
request/response query-type operation). 

Usage can have the values "literal" or "encoded".  "Literal" implies
that the information in the messages is *literally* what the XML schema
for the types in the messages dictates.  "Encoded" implies that the
information in the messages is further encoded by the SOAP encoding
rules (which are found at http://www.w3.org/2002/06/soap-encoding for
SOAP 1.2), or other encoding rules.

So in using the document/literal combination, one literally defines the
structure of the message using an XML schema; this means that a
resulting SOAP message can be validated using the schema definition
(obviously an advantage in data exchange scenarios). In using the
rpc/encoded combination, SOAP encoding rules are used to construct the
message based on abstract type descriptions - therefore, a type
definition must be provided. However, an XML schema definition of the
message is not provided, which means that the resulting SOAP message
cannot be validated using an XML schema (it of course may be validated
in a sending/receiving system through other means). 

The WS-I Basic Profile 1.0 [1] prefers the use of literal, non-encoded
XML - it therefore disallows the use of SOAP encoding and favors
document/literal style. 

Hope that helps--

[1] http://www.ws-i.org/Profiles/BasicProfile-1.0-2004-04-16.html

Kind Regards,
Joe Chiusano
Booz | Allen | Hamilton
Strategy and Technology Consultants to the World

dilum@opensource.lk wrote:
> Hi,
>     We are going to develope a tool to convert Web services in to WSDL.
> For that I want to know the exact differences between RPC type and
> Document type in a WSDL file(Specially in the complextype area in the
> WSDL file). I read so many documents but I didn't find any exact
> answer for that. most of the documents didn't talk about complextype
> area. So, can anyone give me solution for this.
>     Please help. Thanks.
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Kind Regards,
Joseph Chiusano
Booz | Allen | Hamilton


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