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><!DOCTYPE doc SYSTEM "doc5.dtd">
><!ELEMENT doc (foo)>
><!ELEMENT foo EMPTY>
><!ENTITY % pe_foo "<foo>">
><!ENITY gen_foo "%pe_foo;</foo>">
>Now, the replacement text for gen_foo after it is scanned becomes:
>It is obvious that the reference to gen_foo would violate WFness. The
>question is: is this a PE inside the DTD and inside content-- thus
>violating "Well-formedness constraint: In DTD" while simultaneously
>being "recognized"? : )
Because gen_foo is not referenced in the DTD, the %pe_foo; in its
replacement text is never interpreted as a parameter entity reference.
Indeed, if you didn't have the </foo> in there the document would be
well-formed, containing this:
(% is just another character in the instance).
There's no way to get a % in a general entity to be interpreted as
a parameter entity; general entities aren't ever expanded in a context
where their replacement text is interpreted that way. Even in a
default attribute value (which is in a sense "in the DTD"), % has no
special meaning: the production for default attribute values is
AttValue which doesn't include PEReference.