OASIS Mailing List ArchivesView the OASIS mailing list archive below
or browse/search using MarkMail.


Help: OASIS Mailing Lists Help | MarkMail Help

[Date Prev] | [Thread Prev] | [Thread Next] | [Date Next] -- [Date Index] | [Thread Index]
Re: [xml-dev] A proposal for application level XML 'namespaces'

Original Message From: "John Cowan" <cowan@ccil.org>
> Pete Cordell scripsit:
>> To allow for shorter names the XML namespace would have added to it an
>> attribute called xml.prefixes.
> I'm with you up to here, but from here on down you are just
> reinventing XML namespace declarations incompatibly.

After some thought I've decided to align with John's comment above. 
Consequently my 'namespace' proposal becomes:

I propose making the document level element be defined as a reverse
domain name, (e.g.: com.example.myschema), but then have child elements just
have a local name.

Therefore you would have something like:


If you use XML Schema to define your XML you'd do something like:

<xs:schema xmlns:xs="...">
   <xs:element name="com.example.myschema">

To allow for shorter names the W3C would run an IANA like registry of short
name prefixes, such as xml, html, svg, thus allowing document elements with
<html.html>, <svg.svg> etc.  All non-registry names would have to have three
or more parts.

References across namespaces would require the full reverse domain.  For
example, if your XML uses HTML you'd do:


Similarly for attributes.  For example, if it was felt appropriate to bring
the XML namespace under this convention (I'm not sure it is), you'd do:

   <child xml.id="foo">12</child>

That's about it for element and attribute names.  That leaves QNames.  As a
general principle I'd make QNames be reverse domain name also, for example:


To allow for shorter QNames, XML vocabulary designers may declare that 
QNames in the vocabulary without any dots (e.g. "value1") are implicitly 
associated with a particular domain (e.g. declare that "value1" is treated 
as "com.example.value1").

At the choice of the vocabulary designer, the vocabulary my allow shorter 
prefixes by referencing some public short domain name registry similar to 
that described for element names above.

And, at the choice of the vocabulary designer, a vocabulary specific short 
domain name registry can be used by preceding the name with a dot.  (The use 
of the leading dot allows both the public and vocabulary specific registries 
to be used together.)

As an example of QName usage, imagine that a vocabulary exists for 
provisioning operating systems remotely.  This is called the "Operating 
System Provisioning" protocol.  This vocabulary has registered a short 
domain prefix with the W3C/IANA registry of "osp", and the document element 
looks like:


The specification could declare that support of Microsoft Windows XP is 
built in and uses the QName "xp".  Therefore to reference XP the XML 


This is not particularly extensible and later Microsoft may wish to register 
Windows 8.  Microsoft could register the short prefix "ms" with the public 
registry, and then use "ms.osp.win8" to refer to Win 8, yielding:


(Microsoft may want to use its publicly registered short prefix in many 
vocabularies without worrying about name clashes, which is the reason they 
include "osp" in the QName.)

Or the vocabulary could have its own custom registry in which Microsoft 
registers "ms".  In that case it would use:


Pete Cordell
Codalogic Ltd
Interface XML to C++ the easy way using C++ XML
data binding to convert XSD schemas to C++ classes.
Visit http://codalogic.com/lmx/ or http://www.xml2cpp.com
for more info

[Date Prev] | [Thread Prev] | [Thread Next] | [Date Next] -- [Date Index] | [Thread Index]

News | XML in Industry | Calendar | XML Registry
Marketplace | Resources | MyXML.org | Sponsors | Privacy Statement

Copyright 1993-2007 XML.org. This site is hosted by OASIS