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An element's value is an invalid Unicode string ... how can it bewell-formed?

Hi Folks,

Consider this Spanish name: Martiņez

Instead of using the ņ character, one can use the (base) "n" character followed by a combining tilde (hex 303) character.

So that Spanish name can be equivalently expressed as: Martiñez

Here is an XML document that uses the latter form:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

I wrote a stylesheet that uses the substring() function to extract the combining tilde character and onward:

    <xsl:template match="/">
                    <xsl:value-of select="substring(Name, 7)" /> 

The output is:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

I checked it for well-formedness and the XML Parser says it is well-formed.

According to the book, Fonts & Encodings (p. 61, first paragraph):

    ... we select a substring that begins
    with a combining character, this new
    string will not be a valid string in

The value of the <Result> element is not a valid Unicode string, so how can it be a well-formed XML document?


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