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Re: a or b or both - mystery..
- From: Murali Mani <mani@CS.UCLA.EDU>
- To: Marcus Carr <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Date: Mon, 16 Apr 2001 18:16:16 -0700 (PDT)
The question and answer are correct.
I think we should all know this. I am presenting a set of facts --
In my opinion, there are two solutions for solving the schemas issues --
(1) Use deterministic content models such as DTD or XML Schemas
(2) Use non-deterministic content models as in RELAX or TREX.
Tentatively, deterministic content models are easier for specifying key
constraints, but I think document processing (such as XSLT or Query) gets
Non-deterministic content models are very clean for document processing,
but we have to do *small* (note the emphasis on small) tricks to support
key constraints -- I think I can say that RELAX group has people who very
actively work on this.
Also, if you look at TREX's goal, it says non-deterministic content
models are almost necessary and definitely convenient for several use
I should say this -- I believe *very* strongly in non-deterministic
content models, and I think that is the way document processing can be
supported neatly. So I am *very* biased, and I use RELAX for my purposes -
and not XML Schema. Actually I think I cannot afford to use XML Schema.
If you want to know more about deterministic content models, you should
read Appendix E of XML 1.0, it is very good. Also, I think I am right when
I say that Anne Bruggemann Klein is the first person to analyze these
deterministic content models as in DTDs, but she also opines that
deterministic content models are *very* restrictive and is not the way it
I also heard this: XML Schema WG has discussed deterministic content
models a lot, and they decided to use deterministic content models largely
for parser simplicity -- which I think is a non-valid reason at this
point. In short, I do not know why XML Schema:Structures is becoming a
standard in the first place.
<warning>speaking for himself only</warning>
regards - murali.
On Tue, 17 Apr 2001, Marcus Carr wrote:
> Anshul.Mittal@iint.com wrote:
> > I have a requirement where I have to specify the following condition
> in a dtd... > > ecat-supp-name and ecat-supp-code are individually
> optional but one of the > two needs to be present to locate the vendor
> > > So I need to have ecat-supp-name or ecat-supp-code or or both in
> the higher > level element... > > Thats how I wrote the dtd . > >
> <!ELEMENT LineItem
> ManufacturerName?, EcatItemDesc, CommCodeXref?, EcatQuantity,
> EcatUom, EcatUnitPriceFx, EcatCurrency, EcatCatalogId?,
> EcatPONumber?) But getting the following error " Content Model is
> non - deterministic for LineItem" when I try to validate this dtd.
> The problem is that the processor can't determine where it is when it
> encounters the EcatSuppName element, because it doesn't know if it
> requires an EcatSuppCode to follow or not. Even if you got past this
> problem for this set of elements, it would recur when the processor
> got to the EcatSuppPartNbr in the same content model. The following
> model allows either or both elements in the set to occur and requires
> one as the minimum. The only restriction is that if both elements in
> the set exist, they must be in a fixed order, but that restriction is
> present in your current model anyway.
> <!ELEMENT LineItem (((EcatSuppName, EcatSuppCode?) | (EcatSuppCode)),
> ((EcatSuppPartNbr, EcatSuppModel?) | (EcatSuppModel)),
> ManufacturerName?, EcatItemDesc, CommCodeXref?,
> EcatQuantity, EcatUom, EcatUnitPriceFx, EcatCurrency,
> EcatCatalogId?, EcatPONumber?)>
> > Any Idias ??
> Extending Easter holidays for another week? :-)
> Marcus Carr email: email@example.com
> Allette Systems (Australia) www: http://www.allette.com.au
> "Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler."
> - Einstein
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