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   RE: [xml-dev] Multibyte output

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Thanks Mike and Michael!

I am using MSXML and XML spy.  I tried setting the encoding type in two
different ways.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="GB2312"?>


<xsl:output media-type="text" encoding="GB2312" indent="no"/>

Neither of these worked.  Is there anything else I should try?  How can I
get XML Spy to use "byte" output methods instead of "string"? 

Could I perhaps create another xsl that would convert UTF-16 to UTF-8?

Perhaps I could/should use a different XSLT?

Thank you all again!


-----Original Message-----
From: Mike Brown [mailto:mike@skew.org]
Sent: Tuesday, May 07, 2002 6:44 PM
To: Cutler, Dan
Cc: xml-dev@lists.xml.org
Subject: Re: [xml-dev] Multibyte output

Cutler, Dan wrote:
> I am getting really strange output from this XSL transform.
> The output  *looks* perfect - however, each character looks as though it
> prodced in UTF-16 (each char is represented in two byes with a leading 00
> byte).  Also, the files begins with a char 127 and char 126???

That's also part of UTF-16. It's the BOM (Byte Order Mark), an indicator of
whether the remaining byte pairs are low-byte first (little-endian) or
high-byte first (big-endian). That is, if it were FE FF instead of FF FE,
00's would be trailing, not leading.

> I explicitly set the encoding to UTF-8 but it still doesn't work.

If you're getting UTF-16 even when you specified UTF-8, I suspect you're
using MSXML (well, the other clue was your xml-stylesheet p.i.) and caching 
your output in strings, which on Win32 are always UTF-16 encoded. I'm no 
expert on this subject, but it comes up a lot. See if the message at



   - Mike
  mike j. brown                   |  xml/xslt: http://skew.org/xml/
  denver/boulder, colorado, usa   |  resume: http://skew.org/~mike/resume/


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