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   RE: [xml-dev] Duplicate namespace prefixes

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Prefixes bound to namespaces names are [typically inconsequential] syntactic sugar. W3C XML Schema is particularly unconcerned with prefixes used by element and attribute information items. However given that DTDs predate the Namespaces in XML recommendation they do not ignore prefixes which does lead to the problems you pose in the latter part of your question. 
Bottom line, if you use XSD validation you can either change your prefixes for readability 
 <transA:Root xmlns:transA="www.companyA.co.uk/transaction/2003/version1"
   <transA:our-element />
   <trans:their-element />
or use the same prefix and alternate URIs bound to that prefix which is slightly more unreadable and can lead to problems if there are similarly named elements or attributes from both namespaces, see below
<trans:Root xmlns:trans="www.companyA.co.uk/transaction/2003/version1"> 
   <trans:an-element /> <!-- ours -->
   <trans:an-element   xmlns:trans="www.example.com/trans"/> <!-- theirs -->
   <trans:our-element /> <!-- ours -->
If you want to do DTD validation you may be better off switching prefixes used in your XML documents unless you are sure there is no overlap in the names of the elements or attributes from either namespace. 

	-----Original Message----- 
	From: Morcom, Harvey [mailto:Harvey.Morcom@KPMG.co.uk] 
	Sent: Thu 1/23/2003 1:43 AM 
	To: 'xml-dev@lists.xml.org' 
	Subject: [xml-dev] Duplicate namespace prefixes

	I have just started to work with XML and I am beginning to look at
	validation with DTDs and XML Schemas. I think I have grasped the need for
	and usage of namespaces within XML however, I am stumbling over the use of
	For example, company A decides to create their own vocabulary using the URI
	www.companyA.co.uk/transaction/2003/version1 and rather than using this as
	the default namespace they prefix all their elements with trans.  A few
	months down the line and a vast number of documents later they come across a
	vocabulary they wish to include within their own. However, this vocabulary
	also uses the namespace prefix trans. Even though the URIs are distinct the
	prefixes are the same.
	Does this cause problems when validating the XML i.e. the prefixes are
	identical and a prefix can only be associated with one URI at a time? Do
	they now need to change their prefix from trans to transcompanyA in all
	their XML? or more likely I am missing something when it comes to validating
	XML which uses namespaces?
	Apologies if this question has an obvious answer, but it has been rattling
	around in my mind for some time.
	> Harvey Morcom
	> Knowledge Analyst
	> harvey.morcom@kpmg.co.uk
	> Tel: 788 6090 (020 7694 6090)
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