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   Re: [xml-dev] Syntax vs semantics

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> Paul Prescod wrote:

> But if you really do want to combine two (or more) schema languages, 
> RELAX NG sticks more closely to a "pure syntax" view of XML validation 
> than does XSD. So the boundary would be clearer.

From: "Linda Grimaldi" <grimlinda@earthlink.net>

> I'm not sure it is that straightforward.  It's awfully handy to be able
> to use XSD types to constrain RDF values ...
>XSD is a little overzealous in that it would also allow
> you to capture limited object relations, a task better left to RDF and
> its cousins (and sisters and aunts, for you G&S fans out there).
I am pretty unclear about the utility of a dimarcation between "syntax" 
and "relations", with the former being the proper subject of schema languages. 

A schema language specifies constraints, and may so in a declarative
way that allows other useful processing (such as type labelling) as a 
side-effect. Given that there is no a priori reason to expect any database 
to have all its important structural relationships conform to a tree structure, 
schema languages based on grammars alone can never be expected to 
provide a comprehensive solution to validation. 

Rick Jelliffe


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