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   RE: [xml-dev] Are people really using Identity constraints specif ied in

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Some background:  a public safety system can be seen 
as multiple information ecosystems and technologies that 
exchange information to prevent crime, solve crime, and 
predict and mitigate incidents that threaten the public. 
They can be ranked by their relationship to real time 
events, aka, a Call For Service dispatched from a 911 
system (a call center).  Once a CFS event is closed, 
an incident is created in the police records management 
system and/or the court systems.   

In a proactive system (see COPS MORE), the system is used to prevent 
incidents.  In a Dispatch or CFS-centric system, it 
can only be used to solve them because the data flow 
starts at the CFS and few if any pre-CFS events are 
recorded.  Dispatch alone is insufficient because in 
blunt terms, a dispatch system cannot prevent or solve 
a rape.

In such systems, the legal expressions (laws, policies, 
statutes, etc.) are typically stored and represented in 
code list driven text selects.  As far as the system 
is concerned, this is all dumb data and the human does 
most of the intelligence work.   In a rules-driven system, 
these would be stored as a combination of ontologies and 
executable rules.  However, given the requirements for 
publication, the system one needs is one that enables 
the human author (a lawyer, a judge, whoever) to enter 
these as both executable rules AND as publishable documents 
in a suitable legal format.  This and simulation via test 
cases would bring down the costs of creating and maintaining
the rules bases as well as ensuring the concurrency of the 
published and executable representations of the legal resources.

More precisely:  in a Command, Control, Communications and 
Intelligence system, no part can be overlooked or remain 
unintegrated.  My industry is squarely focused on the first 
three but the improvements in customer performance and in 
market share are squarely in the fourth part.


From: Bullard, Claude L (Len) 

There are public safety systems, eg, court systems, that 
rely on RuleML as a means.   Essentially, where ever you 
might use a human expert, you can apply a rules base 
(expert system) if you can acquire and maintain the 
rules cost effectively.

That is why some see the Semantic Web as a means to 
improve the performance of lawyers.



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