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Some background: a public safety system can be seen
as multiple information ecosystems and technologies that
exchange information to prevent crime, solve crime, and
predict and mitigate incidents that threaten the public.
They can be ranked by their relationship to real time
events, aka, a Call For Service dispatched from a 911
system (a call center). Once a CFS event is closed,
an incident is created in the police records management
system and/or the court systems.
In a proactive system (see COPS MORE), the system is used to prevent
incidents. In a Dispatch or CFS-centric system, it
can only be used to solve them because the data flow
starts at the CFS and few if any pre-CFS events are
recorded. Dispatch alone is insufficient because in
blunt terms, a dispatch system cannot prevent or solve
In such systems, the legal expressions (laws, policies,
statutes, etc.) are typically stored and represented in
code list driven text selects. As far as the system
is concerned, this is all dumb data and the human does
most of the intelligence work. In a rules-driven system,
these would be stored as a combination of ontologies and
executable rules. However, given the requirements for
publication, the system one needs is one that enables
the human author (a lawyer, a judge, whoever) to enter
these as both executable rules AND as publishable documents
in a suitable legal format. This and simulation via test
cases would bring down the costs of creating and maintaining
the rules bases as well as ensuring the concurrency of the
published and executable representations of the legal resources.
More precisely: in a Command, Control, Communications and
Intelligence system, no part can be overlooked or remain
unintegrated. My industry is squarely focused on the first
three but the improvements in customer performance and in
market share are squarely in the fourth part.
From: Bullard, Claude L (Len)
There are public safety systems, eg, court systems, that
rely on RuleML as a means. Essentially, where ever you
might use a human expert, you can apply a rules base
(expert system) if you can acquire and maintain the
rules cost effectively.
That is why some see the Semantic Web as a means to
improve the performance of lawyers.