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Difference between "normalize" and "canonicalize"?

Hi Folks,

Consider these two sentences:

1. When an XML parser reads in an XML document it normalizes all line breaks to \n.  

2. A canonicalizer tool will canonicalize empty elements to start-tag, end-tag pairs.

Both "normalize" and "canonicalize" seem to mean:

   Put into a standard form.

Do they in fact mean the same thing? If so, why have two terms? Why not have just one term?


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