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Re: [xml-dev] What Is XML, or MicroXML?

On Sun, Nov 17, 2013 at 6:00 PM, Stephen Cameron wrote:

In 1991, Sowa first stated his Law of Standards: 
"Whenever a major organization develops a new system as an official standard for X, the primary result is the widespread adoption of some simpler system as a de facto standard for X."[8]

Well, that's certainly one possible result: standards often do fail.   But for many of these examples, the "result" was no result at all, because they were already de facto standards:
  • The introduction of PL/I resulting in COBOL and FORTRAN becoming the de facto standards for scientific and business programming
Already standards, so not an example.
  • The introduction of Algol-68 resulting in Pascal becoming the de facto standard for academic programming
This is a good example.  Algol 68 was "extend Algol 60 in every possible way", whereas Pascal was "extend Algol 60 in only the absolutely necessary ways."
  • The introduction of the Ada language resulting in C becoming the de facto standard for DoD programming
Ada displaced all the non-C programming languages actually in use, though.  We don't hear much of Jovial any more, for example.  FWIU, military embedded C programming came along quite a while later.
OS/2 was not any kind of standard, so irrelevant. 
SMTP was already a de facto standard, so not an example. 
LDAP *is* X.500, just on top of a different transport.

GMail doesn't have rotating .sigs, but you can see mine at http://www.ccil.org/~cowan/signatures

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