OASIS Mailing List ArchivesView the OASIS mailing list archive below
or browse/search using MarkMail.


Help: OASIS Mailing Lists Help | MarkMail Help

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: How to use groups with mixed content models

Hi Ben,

> I am trying to use the following declarations to give me a content
> model that would be expressed as <!ELEMENT title
> (#PCDATA|emph|note|target|xref)*> in an XML DTD but I would like to
> use element groups to get the same benefits as parameter entities.

This does work (at least XSV), as long as you make one important
change: move the minOccurs and maxOccurs attributes from the xs:choice
in the model group definition onto the group reference. In other
words, your XML Schema should contain:

<xsd:element name="title">
    <xsd:documentation>a descriptive title</xsd:documentation>
  <xsd:complexType mixed="true">
    <!-- minOccurs and maxOccurs on model group reference -->
    <xsd:group ref="text-model" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />

<xsd:group name="text-model">
    <xsd:documentation>the group of elements that are used inside a text
     or paragraph element</xsd:documentation>
  <!-- minOccurs and maxOccurs removed from model group -->
    <xsd:element ref="emph"/>
    <xsd:element ref="note"/>
    <xsd:element ref="target"/>
    <xsd:element ref="xref"/>
    <xsd:any namespace="##other"/>

The why is a little clearer if you think about element declarations
vs. elements as particles. How many times an element is repeated (its
minOccurs and maxOccurs) isn't relevant on the *declaration*, it's
only relevant on the *particle*, when the element is referenced in the
model group.

In the same way, the model group definition doesn't declare the number
of times the model group occurs in another model group.  It's the
*reference* to that model group that holds that information.

Basically, don't put minOccurs or maxOccurs on xs:choice, xs:sequence
or xs:all if they occur as a child of xs:group - it will have no
effect. Instead, place those attributes on the model group reference.

I hope that helps,


Jeni Tennison