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Didier PH Martin wrote,
> You're right, the overall cost would be a lot lower for everybody. It
> seems that, in reality, not all groups tend to reach the Nash's
> equilibrium. Said differently, individuals do not behave having in
> mind their own behavior and the behavior of the group. I think that
> XML based domain languages or data structure will reach some success
> when groups perceive that they have to reach some form of cooperation
> in order to lower the overall costs.
Right, but the cost of reaching and maintaing consensus has to be
factored into that calculation. Also, I'd imagine, the costs of simply
finding all the relevant parties to such an agreement.
Bear in mind that in many cases the parties will have an awkward mix of
cooperative and competitive interests, and that the speed and direction
of their changes of need and interest are also likely to differ.
Many of these costs are social, cultural, political and economic rather
than technical, and some of them, while technical, have little to do
with the actual subject matter of standardization.
All in all, I think the costs of standardization have been wildly